A bladder infection is described as a bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. Once the bacteria enter the bladder and multiply in the urine, it can cause the development of UTI.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common type of bladder infection that is also called as cystitis that involves the inflammation of the bladder. Pyelonephritis or kidney infection is another type of UTI. Remember that this type of infection can be serious but if treated right away, the kidney will not endure permanent damage.
Even though there is discomfort, UTI is quickly and easily treated. On the other hand, it is vital that they are managed promptly. Remember that one cannot acquire UTI from another person, although women who are just becoming sexually active often acquire them. In some cases, chlamydia can also cause bladder infection.
Almost all cases of UTI are triggered by the Escherichia coli or E. coli bacteria. Once the bacteria pass via the urethra, they can enter the bladder and initiate an infection. There are various ways where bacteria can enter into the urethra. During sexual intercourse, the bacteria in the vaginal area can be pushed into the urethra which triggers irritation in the bladder. In reality, once the vagina area is rubbed, bacteria can be pushed into the urethra. In addition, bladder infection can also be acquired from oral sex.
Signs and symptoms of bladder infection
There are several symptoms linked with UTI. The bladder infections are characterized by an urgent desire to empty the bladder. The symptoms include burning or pain during urination, frequent urination, bladder spasms and the feeling of having to urinate even little or no urine actually comes out. In some cases, bloody, cloudy or foul-smelling urine and even mild fever can accompany this bladder infection.
An infection involving the kidney might involve serious symptoms such as chills, fever and nausea. There might also be bloody or cloudy urine, frequent urination and abdominal pain. Many individuals who have kidney infection can also experience back pain right above the waist.
The doctor can treat this bladder infection. The initial step is to confirm that the individual has UTI by a clean-catch urine specimen. At the clinic, the doctor will instruct the individual to wash the genital area using disposable wipes and then urinate into a sterile cup.
If bladder infection is present when the specimen is examined, antibiotics are given. Since there are various types of antibiotics available, the doctor might utilize the urine specimen for a urine culture which identifies the exact type of bacteria responsible for the infection. It usually takes about 48 hours to get the results from a urine culture, thus it is required to switch antibiotics depending on the results.
Prevention of bladder infections
There are various ways to prevent this bladder infection. After urinating, women should wipe from front to back using toilet paper. After bowel movement, wipe from front to back to prevent the spread of bacteria from the rectal area to the urethra. Going to the bathroom frequently can also prevent bladder infections. Remember that holding the urine for long periods of time is not advisable.