Close look on internal bleeding

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Internal bleeding occurs inside the body. This type of bleeding is not easy to pinpoint or diagnose. It is often due to injury or trauma. Some of the less obvious causes include organ damage, gastritis or a bleeding ailment.

Once internal bleeding occurs, prompt medical attention is necessary. In some instances, it might be a sign of a dangerous condition.

What are the signs?

If an individual suddenly develops these symptoms, seek prompt medical care since these are signs of internal bleeding:

  • Severe weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Severe headache or abdominal pain
  • Numbness
  • Passing out
  • Weakness on one side of the body
  • Low blood pressure
  • Acute visual issues

Additionally, there is dark or blood-streaked stool or vomitus. In some instances, if bleeding occurs behind the internal organs in the abdomen, it might be an indication of bruising around the navel or on the sides of the abdomen.

Remember that a minor case of internal bleeding can rapidly turn serious if not identified and treated right away.

Potential causes

There are a variety of causes for internal bleeding.


  • Using certain drugs such as blood thinners
  • Chronic high blood pressure
  • Injured blood vessels
  • Lack of clotting factors
  • Digestive causes such as colitis, Crohn’s disease, colon polyps, esophagitis, gastroenteritis
  • Hereditary bleeding ailments such as hemophilia
  • Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol and prohibited drug use

Dangerous causes

  • Aneurysm
  • Trauma such as falls, vehicular accidents or physical assault
  • Fractures
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Surgery

Regardless of the cause, it is vital to seek prompt medical attention. Remember that a minor case of internal bleeding can rapidly turn serious if not identified and treated right away.

Management of internal bleeding

The initial objective of treatment is to determine the source and control it. In some cases, the bleeding is minor and might even cease on its own. In severe cases, invasive measures are necessary including surgery.

More Information / Disclaimer

The information posted on this page on internal bleeding is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications by taking a standard first aid course with Red Deer First Aid.

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