A contusion is basically a bruise that occurs after sustaining a direct blow or impact. Oftentimes, the muscle is compressed against the bone.
What are the indications?
The indications of a lower leg contusion include the following:
- Abrupt pain upon impact that tends to vary in severity from a minor ache or debilitating pain depending on the severity of the impact
- For a severe contusion, there is loss of function and inability to run or walk properly
- Tenderness of the area when touched
- Pain when the muscles are stretched
- Bruising might manifest but not in all cases if the bleeding is limited within the muscle sheath
Management for a lower leg contusion
Adequate rest is a vital component in treatment. Right after the injury, the PRICE method (protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation) must be used. It is important to note that cold therapy must be applied as soon as possible. The application must be done for 10-15 minutes every hour during the acute phase. This is done in the initial 24-48 hours depending on the severity of the injury.
A compression bandage or support can be used to minimize the bleeding and swelling while elevating the affected limb can reduce the bruising and allows the tissue fluids to drain away from the site of injury.
If possible, the individual should perform stretching exercises of the calf muscles. With a lower leg contusion, the priority is to rest until pain-free.
Sports massage can be utilized after a minimum for 3 days. This allows the muscles to relax and eliminate any waste products.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on a lower leg contusion is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage muscle injuries by taking a standard first aid course with Red Deer First Aid.