The heel pain can be triggered by various conditions. If an individual experiences heel pain, it can put an individual out of his/her sport for some time, disrupt with the workout routine or even make walking difficult.
The initial step is to determine the exact cause of the heel pain. Once the exact cause of the pain is determined, the appropriate steps can be taken to manage the symptoms. Nevertheless, there are general measures that can help deal with any kind of heel pain.
The individual should take a break or limit any activity until the heel feels better. Remember that this is true in cases in which the heel pain is triggered by an inflammatory condition. During this period, it might be beneficial to apply an ice pack on the area as well. Cold therapy can numb the heel as well as minimize the inflammation and pain.
Medications for heel pain
Depending on the exact cause of the heel pain, medications can greatly help such as pain and anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, using medications will provide relief from the pain so that the individual can continue to stay active while the injury is healing. In case the pain is severe, a steroid injection might be administered directly into the heel.
The doctor or physical therapist might recommend the suitable stretches to relieve the heel pain. In case the muscles, tendons and ligaments in the foot are tight, they might be pulling and contribute to the pain as well.
A mild stretching program can help loosen up these structures as well as relieve the symptoms. You can also perform a foot massage by sitting and rolling a tennis ball under the affected foot. This can provide a beneficial effect and can stretch out the heel and foot.
Changing the work surface
If the individual has to stand or walk for extended periods of time at work, it is best to look for a different surface. There are specialized matting and floor coverings that can relieve the pressure off the feet while working. The individual should be careful on how he/she works and twist and lift to avoid unwanted strain on the foot and heel.
Cutting down weight
The added body weight can place extra stress on the feet and heels, particularly if the individual is on his/her feet at work. It is recommended to include low-impact aerobic exercise to help cut down the extra weight and provide the feet a break.
A doctor should be consulted regarding inserts, arch supports or heel supports that take off pressure from the heel. The doctor will analyze how the individual moves and create a customized orthotic support to correct any abnormalities in the gait.
The suitable orthotic and shoe can properly support the foot. This will ensure cushioning and allow the individual to stay active with minimal strain on the foot and heel. In severe cases, using a walking boot or cast might be required to allow the healing process to start.