Fever is defined as a body temperature higher than the normal range. The normal body temperature varies for each person.
Remember that it is a sign, not a condition. It might be an indication that the body is fighting an infection such as the flu or ear infection. Fever might also be a sign of other health issues and most often accompanied by other signs as well. Oftentimes, the root cause is not known.
Management of fever
Not all cases require treatment by the doctor. Over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, aspirin or naproxen can lower the body temperature.
It is vital to take the drug as instructed. There might be a need to use more than one dose before relief is achieved.
Some of the precautions to take into consideration include:
- Avoid using acetaminophen if diagnosed with liver disease
- Unless suggested by the doctor, do not use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for more than 10 days. The detrimental side effects include stomach bleeding and other health issues.
The medications typically start to reduce the fever in 1-2 hours. Check the temperature to see if the drug is working.
Other self-care measures include:
- Adequate rest
- Increased intake of fluids especially water
- The individual should take a bath in lukewarm water
- Wear light, comfortable clothing
- Keep the room cool but not uncomfortably cold