Vaccines were utilized to prevent diseases and have saved countless lives throughout the years. Always bear in mind that vaccines are the most successful medical advancements of all time. Before vaccines were available, many children all over the world die from diseases such as whooping cough, polio and measles.
At the present, these diseases are uncommon due to the availability of vaccinations. Take note that immunizations also protect the health of the community, particularly those who have weakened or compromised immunity as well as children who are too young to receive vaccinations. Despite the benefits of vaccinations, there has been the growing concern among parents regarding vaccine safety and the potential side effects.
A child can have fever that starts as soon as 24 hours after the vaccination was given or up to 2-3 days after. The fever can be accompanied by irritability or fussiness. A child with fever has a temperature of 100.4 degrees F or higher.
The fever due to a vaccination can be managed by an application of cold compress or simply provide acetaminophen. In most cases, a fever that occurs after vaccination is not a cause for concern. In case the fever does not subside with acetaminophen or the temperature is higher than 104 degrees F, a doctor should be consulted.
Injection site reactions
In most cases, it is common for children to experience minimal swelling and redness at the injection site after receiving a vaccination. This can occur within 24 hours after the vaccine is given and last for up to 7 days. Remember that this is not a cause for concern but if the swelling becomes worse, redness spreads or the skin turns red and warm to the touch, consult a doctor as soon as possible.
The dangerous allergic reactions are very rare but can develop with any vaccine. Remember that this might manifest as itchy rashes and difficulty breathing which occur in a matter of hours after the vaccine was administered. In case a child is suspected with an allergic reaction, it is vital to bring him/her to the nearest emergency department right away.
Febrile seizures are uncommon but can occur in some vaccinations such as DTP (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis) and MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccines. Once a child experiences a seizure, it is vital to ensure that the airway is protected in order to minimize the risk. Remember that this type of seizure is not linked to any long-term complications.
Issues with autism
Autism is a condition of the brain that affects how a child behaves and communicates. Take note that there is an increasing concern regarding the link of autism with the MMR vaccine. On the other hand, further studies revealed that there is no link between the vaccine and autism.