Eczema is a prevalent skin condition that can affect anyone at any age, but common among toddlers and infants. The skin condition can cause a toddler’s scalp to become covered with an itchy and swollen rash. When the rash is identified, you can take the necessary steps in treating the condition as well as prevent future breakouts.
How to identify scalp eczema
Scalp eczema can be identified by its distinct appearance and texture. The skin condition generally involves dry and elevated areas which form into bumps or patches that are itchy and irritated.
These areas turn into a reddish to brownish or gray color and turn into deeper red if irritated by scratching. This is common among toddlers who constantly scratch the affected areas. Once the area has been scratched, the area might crust over.
What are the causes?
Scalp eczema might be triggered by a hereditary structure that puts a child susceptible to dry skin. The eczema might also be linked to allergies where toddlers with the skin condition often end up with hay fever or asthma as they grow older.
The condition might flare up after exposure to irritants or allergens and might react to alterations in the temperature or humidity that can dry the skin.
Preventive measures can help lessen the symptoms as well as making sure that the scalp is hydrated by applying moisturizing lotions, ointments or creams.
If possible, avoid dry and hot locations that can dry the skin or utilize a humidifier in the house to keep the air moist during dry seasons.
When to consult a doctor
For severe cases of scalp eczema, the doctor might prescribe medications to treat the scalp. This can range from corticosteroid creams to alleviate the itchiness during the day or even oral antihistamines to lessen the itchiness as well as allow the child to sleep at night.