The simian B virus infection is a rare condition among humans caused by the herpes virus Simiae or B virus. Take note that the virus is typically found in macaque monkeys.
An individual can become infected if exposed to infected monkeys or cultures of simian tissue. Since transmission require close contact with infected animals, those who work with the primates in animal houses, laboratories or zoos are at higher risk.
Using protective gear such as gloves, goggles and masks while handling primates and their tissues or wastes can prevent the transmission of the simian B virus infection.
What are the signs?
The typical signs linked with the simian B virus infection include:
- Headache, fatigue, muscle pain and fever
- Lethargy or malaise
- Visual issues
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty breathing
- Weakening or paralysis of the legs, arms or face
- Inflammation of the lymph nodes and lymph vessel walls
- Stomach pain and hiccups
Management of simian B virus infection
The initial measure in the treatment for simian B virus infection is to rapidly and thoroughly cleanse the wound or site of exposure.
- The wound should be cleansed using water and soap at least 15 minutes.
- The mucosal surfaces must be rinsed using running water or sterile saline for 15 minutes
Prompt cleansing and rinsing of the wound can inactive and wash away any virus present in the sites of exposure. After this, the individual must be assessed and treated in a healthcare facility.
An antiviral therapy administered intravenous might be started based on the following:
- Deep wounds that penetrate the skin
- Wounds on the neck, head or torso
- Contact with materials that were exposed to infected monkeys
- Poor cleaning of the wound or site of exposure