Always bear in mind that gout is a painful condition that is triggered by the excess accumulation of uric acid in the bloodstream called hyperuricemia. It is estimated that millions of adults in different parts of the world suffer from gout. The excess uric acid in the blood deposits itself in the joints of the feet, usually the big toe.
Food and alcohol
Gout is triggered by various factors such as lifestyle choices, health conditions and the use of certain medications. The lifestyle choices that can cause gout include consumption of alcohol and the diet. The meats that are packed with purine particularly red meat and shellfish must be avoided. Remember that purine is broken down into uric acid and increase the concentration of uric acid in the joint fluids.
The foods and beverages that are rich in fructose or sugar content can increase the concentration of uric acid as well and the excess consumption of alcohol. In addition, beer can increase the uric acid concentrations and must be avoided.
There are certain medications that can also heighten the uric acid levels and trigger the development of gout. The commonly used medications include loop diuretics and thiazide. The diuretics are typically given to manage high blood pressure among adults and can be a big factor in the development of gout. Medications that are used in organ transplants can also increase the levels of uric acid after the operation.
Even low-dose aspirin can also trigger an increase in the concentration of uric acid, but since it protects the body against health issues, the doctor will not stop the intake of low-dose aspirin even if the individual has gout.
Various health conditions can increase the concentration of uric acid and cause the development of gout. These include metabolic syndrome, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and hyperlipidemia. Individuals who have gout can oftentimes have one or more of these health conditions that can play a role in increasing the concentration of uric acid and aggravating gout.
When it comes to chronic kidney disease, it increases the concentration of uric acid since the kidneys could not eliminate uric acid from the body, thus leading to the build-up of excess uric acid.
When to consult a doctor
It is vital to consult a doctor if swelling and pain starts to manifest in the foot, particularly the big toe. The doctor can help recognize possible causes of elevated uric acid concentrations that might be considered as factors. Various medications that can increase the uric acid levels are also utilized to manage serious health conditions and should not be stopped unless a doctor is consulted. Remember that gout can be properly managed with guidance from a doctor.