Medial malleolus fracture

A medial malleolus fracture is often a part of a compound injury affecting one or both ankle parts. It is important to note that the medial malleolus is the biggest of the 3 bone segments forming the ankle.

Once the bone cracks, but the parts do not deviate from each other, it is a hairline fracture.

What are the indications?

The usual indications of this form of fracture might include the following:

  • Abrupt and significant ankle pain
  • Inflammation around the joint
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness when applying pressure
  • Difficulty or inability to place weight on the affected side
  • Evident displacement or deformity of the ankle bone
    Medial malleolus fracture

    Once the bone cracks, but the parts do not deviate from each other, it is considered as a hairline fracture.

Management of a medial malleolus fracture

It is vital to seek medical care as soon as possible if any form of ankle fracture is likely.

If a wound is present, cover it with a damp sterile gauze. In case a fracture is likely, the emergency team will stabilize the joint using a splint.

Once there is evident internal damage and joint dislocation, the emergency team might attempt to reduce the joint on site. This aims on preventing damage to the soft tissues that can cause a delay in surgery or result to further damage.

If the foot starts to darken, it indicates a limitation to the flow of blood. In case this is present, bring the individual to the emergency department right away.

What is the outlook?

Even though a medial malleolus fracture is considered as a serious injury, the outlook is generally good, and complications are uncommon.

Generally, it is vital to carefully follow the instructions given by the doctor.

Quick Note / Disclaimer

The material posted on this page on medial malleolus fracture is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to pinpoint the signs of the injury and how it is managed, register for a first aid and CPR course with Red Deer First Aid.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malleolus

https://www.healthline.com/health/medial-malleolus-fracture

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/ankle-fractures-broken-ankle/

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